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Permaculture is a sustainable design system that provides for human needs while having positive effects on the surrounding environment.

It is based on the ethics of earth care, people care and fair share, and provides practical solutions to the global crises we are currently facing.

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Permaculture is NOT just about trees, or just about gardening! You don't need loads of land to practice it and it's a design method that can be applied to all social systems.

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In the Kitchen: Dolmades

vine leaves

Finally, despite some pretty rotten weather earlier in the year, our vines are looking lush and green. Of course the goats adore them, but I see no reason why they should get all the fun, particularly as they get so many at harvest time. It’s quite possible to harvest a reasonable number of leaves from each vine without doing any damage, so it seems obvious to look around for ways to use this extra bounty.¬†Vine leaves make a wonderful wrapper for goat’s cheese, one which looks fabulous tied with a bit of rustic looking string or straw. But the best use for those fresh young leaves is to make dolmades with them.

This recipe has been put together for us by Nicola, one of the participants in our most recent Permaculture Design Course and a current volunteer. Nicola is Greek Cypriot, so the recipe is guaranteed authentic!

Collect a pile of vine leaves, one per dolmade. You’ll want ones which are still tender, so not too huge. Cover them with water containing a spoonful of salt and a dash of vinegar and leave them to soak whilst you prepare the filling.

The dolmades filling needs to sit, mixed, in a bowl for 6-12 hours before you form the little parcels. You’ll need to include (for around 8 people):

2-3 onions, chopped finelyPICT6255

8-10 cloves of garlic, chopped finely

Large bunch of finely chopped fresh mint

Large bunch of parsley, or any other herbs that you fancy (in our version, we used lots of thyme)

2-3 lemons, juiced but throw in the skins as well

Tomato puree

Half a cup of olive oil

Dry rice (we used around 2.5 kg, which fed 8 people with leftovers)

Enough water to cover the mixture

Any other herbs or veggies that you like. Red pepper, mushrooms, broad beans, feta cheese …..

Our version was vegetarian, but if you like to include meat you can add minced lamb to your filling mixture.

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When it’s time to form the parcels lay your leaf on a plate with the stalk facing you and veined side up. Clip the stalk off and put about a tablespoon of mixture in the centre. Pull the two outside leaves across the mixture and upwards, then the top leaf downwards over the top, rolling the parcel over and smoothing the leaf ¬†flat. Your parcel should be vaguely rectangular.

There’s a technique to this, but you’ll get faster with practice. Nicola, of course, was an expert and made me feel as if I had 13 fingers! She told us about how this part of the process can be a family or neighbourly event. Noone minds the preparation when it’s combined with good company working towards a delicious shared meal.

 

 

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Pack the parcels tightly into a pan in a spiral working from the outside in. The side with the flap should be facing downwards. They need to be packed tightly so that they don’t unfold during the cooking process!

Now just cover the little parcels in water and place a heavy plate on top to stop them rising up, then simmer for 30-40 minutes or whenever the rice is cooked through.

 

 

 

Serve with salad, bread, cheese and whatever else you fancy. Slow, simple, cheap food, with many of the ingredients coming from the farm. Fabulous :)

 

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